Baharia Oasis

Located 365 km south west of Giza and 200 km from Farafra Oasis.

The oases are famous for their palm trees, olives, apricots, rice and corn. Intertwined trees provide attractive scenery with contrast to massive sand dunes. The region is rich in wildlife of migrant birds and deer. Bawiti is the capital of Baharia oases that occupies a hillside.

The oases are famous for their 398 mineral and sulphur springs. The most famous are Bir Hakima, Bir Halfa, Bir Al Matar,and Bir El Ghaba. The old Roman springs flow through cracked stones. Ein El Bishmo springs are unique because both hot and cold water flow from separate sources thenblend in a rocky creek, in addition to Al Qasaa wells. Baharia oases archaeological sites date back to Pharaonic periods. "zis zis" was the original name of the region. Most of the antiquities belong to the 26th dynasty "Saite  period". A major archaeological site El Qasr houses Ein El Mifatala, QaratHelwa, and Al Tibniya areathat includes Alexander the great temple. El Maron, El Dist and El Maghrafa antiquities are located next to a limestone temple in El Qasr area. El Bawiti houses, the largest Ptolemaic necropolis dedicated to Ibis bird. Its historic tombs are located in the complex of (Youssef Selim, El Sheikh Soby and Al Farouj). El Heez areais famous for its ancient churches, palaces and Roman tombs. penantio Tomb dates back to 26th dynasty and represents unique pharaonic paintings. "Valley of The Golden Mummies"has been recently discovered in a Roman necropolis, 6 km from Bawiti..


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